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NUR 4441: Mental Health Nursing Guide  

Last Updated: Sep 7, 2017 URL: http://libguides.resu.edu/mental_health Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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How different cultures view mental illness

Culture—a person’s beliefs, norms, values, and language—plays a key role in how people perceive and experience mental illness, whether or not they seek help, what type of help they seek, what coping styles and supports they have, what treatments might work, and more. To effectively serve America’s diverse populations, mental health systems need to understand and respect cultural differences.

Cultural competence is the ability to work effectively and sensitively within various cultural contexts. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) defines it as "a set of values, behaviors, attitudes, and practices within a system that enables people to work effectively across cultures" and says the term "refers to the ability to honor and respect the beliefs, language, interpersonal styles, and behaviors of individuals and families receiving services, as well as staff who are providing such services."

Resources

NAMI Fact Sheet: Cultural Competence, A Key for Success

Barriers to Mental Health Care Treatment for People of Color

From Good to Great: NAMI’s Cultural Competence Self-Assessment Project

Cultural Competence Now Law in New JerseyAmerican Medical News (AMNews) 4/25/05.

Cultural and Linguistic Competence Coordinators Network for State, Territorial, and Tribal Mental Health Services Collaboratively organized by the NAMI Multicultural Action Center, National Technical Assistance Center for Children’s Mental Health and National Center for Cultural Competence at Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development


Cultural Competence on the Web

For more information about cultural competence:

Georgetown University National Center for Cultural Competence

Hogg Foundation for Mental Health

National Alliance of Multi-Ethnic Behavioral Health Associations

Cultural Competence Online

Cultural Competence Standards in Managed Mental Health Care Services: Four Underserved/Underrepresented Racial/Ethnic Groups

Mental Health: Culture, Race, and Ethnicity (DHHS, 2001); A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General

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